The death of Cuban leader Fidel Castro prompted celebrations among the country’s exiles in Miami, and expressions of sorrow from some world leaders.
Within half an hour of the Cuban government’s announcement of the death of the 90-year-old revolutionary leader, cheers were heard in Miami’s Little Havana. Thousands of people banged pots, waved Cuban flags and whooped in jubilation. “Cuba si! Castro no!” they chanted, while others screamed “Cuba libre!”
“Feels weird,” said Gabriel Morales, a 40-year-old financial executive in Miami, whose parents left Cuba after Castro came to power. “Been waiting to hear this news all my life. Seems unreal,” Morales said in a text message to an AP reporter.
“This is the happiest day of my life, Cubans are finally free,” said Orlidia Montells, an 84-year-old woman.
U.S. Congress representative Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, a Cuban-American Republican from Miami, said in a statement: “A tyrant is dead and a new beginning can dawn on the last remaining communist bastion of the Western Hemisphere.”
U.S. President-elect Donald Trump said on Twitter, “Fidel Castro is dead!”, without elaborating.
Fidel Castro is dead!
Trump, who takes office on Jan. 20, threatened during his campaign to reverse President Barack Obama’s moves to open relations with Cuba over concerns about religious freedom.
Mixed reaction on streets of Havana
Revelers dancing and drinking rum on Havana’s famed seafront quickly dispersed and a popular club closed its doors on Friday night as news spread of Castro’s death.
A crowd of young men and women singing by the sea wall in the cool night air quickly turned somber when they learned that Castro’s death had been announced by his younger brother, President Raul Castro, on state television two hours earlier.
“The whole word will remember this man,” said reveler Duncy Fajardo near the iconic National Hotel that hosted Ernest Hemingway and Frank Sinatra, and even known mobsters, before Castro’s 1959 revolution led to its nationalization. “He achieved things that nobody else did.”
Not everybody was sad to see Castro go.
Eliecer Avila, leader of the dissident group Somos Mas, watched state television broadcast a parade of archive images of Castro meeting with other world leaders and engaging in wholesome activities like harvesting sugar cane.
“I think this is the first step to a great change. I think that some were waiting for today with joy. Some are toasting with champagne, others are scared about what will happen and the vast majority of the Cuban people feel uncertain,” Avila said.
Flags will fly at half mast and public shows and concerts will be canceled. Castro’s remains will be cremated, and his ashes toured around Cuba until his state funeral on Dec. 4. Official mourning began on Saturday and will last nine days, the government said.
World leaders mourn
Castro was mourned by some present and former national leaders, including Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, who called him “a larger than life leader” and a “legendary revolutionary and oratory.”
“While a controversial figure, both Mr. Castro’s supporters and detractors recognized his tremendous dedication and love for the Cuban people who had a deep and lasting affection for el Comandante,” Trudeau said in a statement.
Pope Francis, who met Fidel Castro when he visited Cuba last year, said he had received the “sad news.”
“I express to you my sentiments of grief,” he said in a Spanish-language message to Fidel’s brother.
Chinese President Xi Jinping said in a statement that: “the Chinese people have lost a close comrade and a sincere friend.”
Xi hailed Castro for his contribution to the development of communism both in Cuba and around the world.
Mexican president Enrique Pena Nieto tweeted that “Fidel Castro was a friend of Mexico, promoting bilateral relations based on respect, dialogue and solidarity.”
Fidel Castro fue un amigo de México, promotor de una relación bilateral basada en el respeto, el diálogo y la solidaridad.
In Venezuela, a long-time ally of Cuba and staunch opponent of the political stance of the United States, President Nicolas Maduro said Castro had inspired and would continue to inspire his country.
“We will keep on winning and keep fighting. Fidel Castro is an example of the fight for all the people of the world. We will go forward with his legacy,” Maduro told television station Telesur by telephone.
‘A great has left us’
In Bolivia, where Ernesto (Che) Guevara died in 1967 in a failed bid to export Cuba’s revolution, President Evo Morales said in a statement: “Fidel Castro left us a legacy of having fought for the integration of the world’s peoples … The departure of Comandante Fidel Castro really hurts.”
Ecuadorean President Rafael Correa said: “A great has left us. Fidel has died. Long live Cuba! Long live Latin America!”
Mikhail Gorbachev, the final leader of the Soviet Union which had long acted as an economic and political prop for Cuba, said Castro left a lasting mark on his country and on world history.
“Fidel held his ground and strengthened his country at the time of the harshest American blockade, at the time of massive pressure on him,” Gorbachev was quoted by Interfax news agency as saying. “Nevertheless he led out his country from the blockade to the path of self-sustained and independent development.”
In a telegram of condolence to Raul Castro, Russian President Vladimir Putin called the late leader an “inspiring example for many countries.”
“Fidel Castro was a frank and tried and true friend of Russia,” the Kremlin quoted the message as saying.
Salvador Sanchez Ceren, the president of El Salvador, said he felt “deep sorrow … of my friend and eternal companion, Commander Fidel Castro Ruz.”
“India mourns the loss of a great friend,” Indian Prime Minister Nerendra Modi said on Twitter.
Fidel Castro was one of the most iconic personalities of the 20th century. India mourns the loss of a great friend.
The country’s president, Pranab Mukherjee tweeted: “Heartfelt condolences on sad demise of Cuba’s revolutionary leader, former president & friend of India, Fidel Castro.”
‘A figure of enormous historical importance’
Peter Hain, a former member of the British Cabinet and anti-apartheid campaigner, tempered praise for Castro with criticism of some aspects of his long rule.
“Although responsible for indefensible human rights and free-speech abuses, Castro created a society of unparalleled access to free health, education and equal opportunity despite an economically throttling USA siege,” Hain said. “His troops inflicted the first defeat on South Africa’s troops in Angola in 1988, a vital turning point in the struggle against apartheid.”
A statement from the Spanish government hailed Castro as “a figure of enormous historical importance.”
“As a son of Spaniards, former president Castro always maintained close relations with Spain and showed great affection for his family and cultural ties. For this reason Spain especially shares the grief of Cuba’s government and authorities,” the government statement said.